NCDs And Burden On The Individual And Society

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide. Globally, almost three quarters of all NCD deaths, and 82% of the 16 million people who died prematurely, or before reaching 70 years of age, occur in low-and middle-income countries.
The three most common NCD categories – namely cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer – are estimated to have cost the Malaysian economy RM 12.88 billion (high estimate) in terms of productivity losses arising from absenteeism, presenteeism or premature death in persons of working age (Source: Ministry of Health). The increasing medical costs to treat patients with NCDs is of serious concern. If the trend of NCDs continues to rise, healthcare costs will not only be unsustainable, but the human costs would also be unimaginable.