Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. It can lead to severe health complications and increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and sometimes death. Blood pressure is the force that a person’s blood exerts against the walls of their blood vessels. This pressure depends on the resistance of the blood vessels and how hard the heart has to work. Hypertension is a primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and aneurysm. It is also the cause for the premature death.

Blood pressure is reading is given in millimetres of mercury (mm Hg), and it is written as two numbers.

The first (systolic pressure). The upper number measure the pressure in the blood vessels when the heart beats.

The second (diastolic pressure). The bottom number measure the pressure in your vessels when the heart rest between beats.

Risk factors that contributes to high blood pressure

  • Age
  • Race
  • Family history
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Not being physically active
  • Consuming tobacco
  • Consumes too much of sodium in your diet
  • Consumes too little potassium in your diet
  • Drinking too much of alcohol
  • Stress
  • Certain chronic conditions