Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy. Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough or any insulin or doesn’t use insulin well. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems.There are 3 types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction. It means that your immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes often develop rapidly and are usually diagnosed in children and young adults. Nevertheless, it can appear at any age. Insulin needed to be taken everyday for Type 1 diabetes patients.
- Type 2 diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes is when the body doesn’t produce or use insulin well. It usually diagnoses in adults, because it develops over many years. It can develop at any age including children and teens due to their lifestyle. This is a common type of diabetes, and it is vital to get your blood sugar tested to stay cautious.
- Gestational Diabetes
Gestational Diabetes develops in pregnant women. Although this type of diabetes goes away after the baby is born, still the baby could be at a higher risk of health issues. You have a greater chance to develop type 2 diabetes if you had gestational diabetes during pregnancy.